The legacy of the diamond is as indestructible as the stone itself. The glitter and sparkle of this magnificent gem has hypnotized mankind since times immemorial. Keep reading to know more about how the diamond got its per-eminence…
The mystique of the diamond has perhaps been best captured by the Chinese proverb – better a diamond with a flaw than a pebble without. Technically, the diamond is a simple crystalline carbon. But this definition hardly does justice to a stone which women covet and men have killed for.
Yes, the beautiful diamond has a history that is rich in romance, violence, intrigue and hope and every diamond has a story to tell.
A diamond is made of one of the most common elements – carbon. Their creation began nearly 3.3 billion years ago, 200 kilometers below the surface of the earth.
The first diamonds were mined in India along river banks as far as back as 3000-6000 years!
A diamond was regarded as a talisman and used to decorate deities of Gods.
In Europe, during the Dark Ages, the diamond was used to cure ailments. It was thought that the stone had the ability to heal open wounds and cure illnesses. The Jews believed that a diamond could establish a person’s innocence or guilt, with the diamond losing its sparkle when brought close to the guilty person.
· A diamond is at least 990,000,000 years old.
· 10 million people across the world owe their livelihood to the diamond industry.
· Diamonds are present in several colors, but the rarest is the red diamond.
· Diamonds are seen as the best way to express a person’s love – all over the world.
· The largest diamond ever discovered was the 3016 Cullinan. The master craftsman Joseph Asscher was chosen to cut it. His first attempt to cut the diamond shattered his blade and Asscher promptly fainted. The diamond was finally cut into nine gems.
· Some of the best known diamonds are the 45 carat Hope diamond, the 546 carat Golden Jubilee and the Kohinoor.
· Diamonds came to be associated with romance after a De Beers ad campaign which came up with the line diamonds are forever.
Classification on Basis of Color
The most common type of diamond is the white diamond. It comes in several shapes and sizes and is mined in all diamond producing countries of the world.
To make the right purchasing decision, it’s important to learn about the "4 C's" of the diamond.
Describes the proportions of a diamond; the cut is considered the most important factor in its beauty and value.
The round-shaped so-called “brilliant” cut, with its 58 facets, has traditionally been the most popular cut enhancing a diamond’s brilliance and beauty. When a diamond is cut well, it allows the most light to be reflected back up through its top.
Besides the round-shaped brilliant cuts, diamonds are cut into other shapes, including oval, marquise, emerald-cut, pear-shaped, Princess cut and trillion. There are several ways to judge a diamond’s cut.
The size of a diamond is expressed in carat weight. In general, the value of a diamond rises significantly with carat weight.
Carat is the standard measurement of a diamond's weight. Size increases the value of a good quality diamond for the simple reason that large stones are rarer than small ones. A large stone holds little value if it lacks fire, brilliance, purity and high-grade color.
By nature, almost all diamonds have tiny flaws. The fewer there are, the more valuable the diamond.
Clarity grades range from "I" (imperfect) to "FL" (flawless). A diamond is said to be "flawless" if no inclusions or superficial blemishes can be seen under a standard 10-power jeweler's loupe. Truly flawless diamonds are extremely rare.
The way a diamond reflects and refracts light; depends on the color.
The less color in a diamond, the more valuable it usually is.
Although many diamonds may appear colorless to the eye, the majority contains very slight traces of yellow, brown or gray.
The spectrum ranges from light yellow to totally colorless.
Diamond Astrology and Famous Diamonds
While diamonds are forever, they are certainly not for everyone – at least that’s the claim made by those who believe in the mystical and astrological properties of the diamond. Read on to know more about how wearing a diamond can change your life…